Causes of spine pain include:
- Spine inflammation
- Strained muscles or ligaments
- Poor posture
- Degenerative diseases
- Abnormal curvature
In the majority of cases, pain can be resolved without surgical intervention. In cases that involve persistent pain and nerve compression, surgery may be recommended to help prevent further damage.
How is Back Pain Diagnosed?
X-rays: This method allows the doctor to study the alignment of the bones and determine if the patient has arthritis or broken bones.
MRI/CT Scanning: Magnetic resonance imaging and CT scans can reveal problems with discs, tendons, tissues, nerves, ligaments, muscles, blood vessels and bones.
Bone Scan: May be used for detecting bone tumors or compression fractures caused by osteoporosis.
Electromyography (EMG): An EMG measures the electrical impulses produced by nerves in response to muscles.
Blood testing: If an infection is suspected, a blood test may be ordered.